Does your Scrum team start all its stories on Day 1 of the Sprint? Do stories sometime carry over into the next Sprint? Or perhaps testing always gets crammed in on the last day of the Sprint? If any of these sound familiar, your team may benefit from improving its flow.

Flow metrics are common with Kanban, but can provide tremendous value to any team, including those using Scrum. In this session, we’ll start by exploring the value of achieving a smooth flow of work (versus simply achieving maximum utilization) and give simple ways for your team to measure its flow. We’ll look at examples of metrics including lead and cycle time, throughput, and the cumulative flow diagram (CFD), reviewing what each represents, easy ways to collect them, and how they can be used in both a Kanban and Scrum context. You’ll leave the session knowing how to interpret and capture all these valuable metrics, so your agile team can measure and improve its flow.

 
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Outline/Structure of the Talk

  • Importance of flow
    • Utilization vs. flow
  • How to measure flow
    • Lead and Cycle time (average, median, and cycle time scatterplot)
      • What it measures, how to collect, use in Kanban and Scrum
      • Interactive discussion and practice interpreting example metrics
    • Throughput
      • What it measures, how to collect, use in Kanban and Scrum
      • Comparison to velocity
      • Interactive discussion and practice interpreting example metrics
    • Cumulative Flow Diagram (CFD)
      • What it measures, how to collect, use in Kanban and Scrum
      • Comparison to burndown chart
      • Interactive discussion and practice interpreting example metrics
  • Benefits of improving flow in a Scrum context
    • Avoid the hockey stick burndown chart
    • Delivering some work earlier in the Sprint
    • Smooth out team workload
    • Group discussion
  • Additional resources

Note: For time, the session will be slightly modified from the linked slides to remove the separate exercise portion at the end and instead include more interactive discussion about metrics examples throughout.

Learning Outcome

  • Appreciate why visualizing and understanding flow is essential, regardless of Agile approach used
  • Understand the difference between utilization and flow
  • Know how to interpret and capture lead time, cycle time, throughput, and a CFD
  • Describe how flow metrics can be used in both Scrum and Kanban contexts
  • Identify bottlenecks and gain insight into the flow of their system

Target Audience

ScrumMasters, team members, stakeholders, managers

Prerequisites for Attendees

Basic familiarity with Scrum is helpful, but no specific prior knowledge of Scrum or Kanban is needed.

schedule Submitted 1 year ago

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