Leveraging AI to Enhance Developer Productivity & Confidence
A major approach to the application of AI is leveraging it to create a safer world around us, as well as that of helping people make choices. With the open source revolution having taken the world by a storm and developers relying on various upstream third party dependencies (too many to chose from!:http://www.modulecounts.com/) to develop applications moving petabytes of sensitive data and mission critical code that can lead to disastrous failures, it is required now more than ever to build better developer tooling to help developers make safer, better choices in terms of their dependencies as well as providing them with more insights around the code they are using. Thanks to deep learning, we are able to tackle these complex problems and this talk would be covering two diverse and interesting problems we have been trying to solve leveraging deep learning models (recommenders and NLP).
Though we are data scientists, at heart we are also developers building intelligent systems powered by AI. We, the Redhat developer group through our “Dependency Analytics” platform and extension, seek to do the same. We call this, 'AI-based insights for developers by developers'!
In this session we would be going into the details of the deep learning models we have implemented and deployed to solve two major problems:
- Dependency Recommendations: Recommend dependencies to a user for their specific application stack by trying to guess their intent by leveraging deep learning based recommender models.
- Pro-active Security and Vulnerability Analysis: We would also touch upon how our platform aims to make developer applications safer by way of CVE (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) analyses and the experimental deep learning models we have built to proactively identify potential vulnerabilities. We will talk about how we leveraged deep learning models for NLP to tackle this problem.
This shall be followed by a short architectural overview of the entire platform.
If we have enough time, we intend to showcase some sample code as a part of a tutorial of how we built these deep learning models and do a walkthrough of the same!
Outline/Structure of the Tutorial
The intent of this talk is two-fold, we not only cover the work we have been doing for the last two years but also focus on how open-source tools, techniques and latest state-of-the-art models in AI can be leveraged to solve problems in a really tough domain - helping developers increase their productivity and confidence.
The focus will be on two major areas - providing dependency recommendations for developers and trying to pro-actively find out security vulnerabilities with deep learning and NLP. We will divide our talk into the following two major parts followed by a brief overview of our platform architecture and how we deploy\scale our models in production:
- Part 1: AI models for dependency recommendations [15 - 20 mins]:
- Depending on the ecosystem that a model is targeting, we use either deep learning based or collaborative filtering based approaches for recommendation of dependencies to a user.
- Architecture of the models, data pre-processing and automated training pipelines
- Insights into the types of recommendation models used -> deep learning and collaborative filtering
- Leveraging Generative Deep Learning Models like Variational Autoencoders with Probabilistic Matrix Factorization to build a hybrid recommender that we run in production for large ecosytems
- Hierarchical Poisson Factorization(collaborative filtering) approach for ecosystems that are not very metadata-rich
- Part 2: Experimental AI models for vulnerability prediction [15 - 20 mins]: Security vulnerabilities in software particularly from open-source and third-party libraries (dependencies) and frameworks can cost any enterprise dearly since they are not often aware of potential vulnerabilities which might exist in a particular dependency or even a specific version of a dependency. The idea here is can we proactively find out and flag dependencies having a sign of a potential vulnerability before it becomes a serious issue affecting all downstream applications using it. In our solution, we focus on the entire openshift- golang-kubernetes ecosystem and all repositories and dependencies belonging to this ecosystem. We also leverage state-of-the-art deep learning models in NLP to go through GitHub issues, PRs and commits to predict potential security vulnerabilities.
- Brief overview of security vulnerabilities and their impact to enterprises
- Deep dive into the sequential deep learning models for NLP used to predict potential vulnerabilities (pre-trained embeddings, Bi-LSTM\GRUs, Attention models etc.)
- Ways to integrate this potential solution in the developer ecosystem
- Conclusion: Platform overview - scaling models in production [5 mins]
- A short architectural overview of how our AI components combine with the rest of our platform[You need well-engineered software to really tap into the maximal potential of AI]
- A demo/overview of how we containerize our models and micro-services and scale our models (assuming time permits) with docker\kubernetes\openshift
Intent is to not just talk about what we did but also show to a good extent how we did it with some sample tutorials based on the scope.
Key Takeaways from this talk:
- Learn how recommender engines work in a non-conventional setting - dependency recommendations!
- Understand how newer models like generative deep learning models like Variational Auto-Encoders (VAEs) can be combined with traditional recommender models like Probabilistic Matrix Factorization to build robust hybrid recommender engines
- Learn how we are tacking a unique problem - pro-active probable CVE\Security Vulnerability Identification with Alternate Open Data Sources
- State of the art deep learning models being used in NLP for Vulnerability Identifications (pre-trained embeddings, Bi-LSTM\GRUs, Attention models etc.)
- Brief about leveraging containers/kubernetes/openshift to scale and maintain highly available AI models in production (focus on deployment, scalability and availability)
Data Scientists, Engineers, Developers, Managers, AI and Data Enthusiasts
Prerequisites for Attendees
Participants are expected to know what is AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning. Some basics around the Data Science lifecycle including data, features, modeling, and evaluation. Some examples will also be shown in Python so having a basic knowledge of Python helps. Knowing general software engineering principles and components like containers would be useful but not mandatory.
schedule Submitted 1 year ago
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