Human Trafficking Sentinel Surveillance on Ex-Combatants from Illegal Armed Groups in Colombia

One of the biggest challenges that the field of anti-human trafficking is facing is the lack of effective methods for victim identification. There are tools like hotlines, police investigations based on reports and training to relevant stakeholders but these fall short and many victims of trafficking are never found. To complement these actions it is necessary to implement surveillance systems among vulnerable populations such as migrants, agriculture and factory workers, fishermen, sex workers, internally displaced people and many other groups who are likely to experience or have experienced severe forms of exploitation. We propose the sentinel surveillance, a methodology borrowed from health sciences in order to track the prevalence, patterns and vulnerability factors among populations likely to encounter trafficking. This methodology has been applied before in the context of human trafficking by the UN at the Thai-Cambodian border to measure the prevalence of trafficking victims among Cambodians being deported from Thailand. This paper will explore the possibility of applying the methodology among demobilized combatants from illegal armed groups in Colombia with the hope of finding a relationship between recruitment into criminal gangs and human trafficking.


Outline/Structure of the Case Study

  1. Introduction
  2. Contextual framework
  3. Legal framework of human trafficking victims in armed conflicts
  4. Case study: Demobilized ex combatants from iliegal armed groups in Colombia
  5. Sentinel Survelances
  6. Sentinel Surveilances applied to cases of human trafficking. Cambodian deportees
  7. Sampling
  8. Sentinel Sites
  9. Survey Instrument
  10. Working Group
  11. Criteria to identify trafficking victims
  12. Statistical data
  13. Prevalence
  14. Vulnerability
  15. Q&A

Learning Outcome

After this lecture participants will be able to:

  • Apply a new human trafficking victim identification tool
  • Better understand the legal protections granted to trafficking victims in the context of armed conflict as well as the concepts of internal trafficking and trafficking for the purpose of criminal activity
  • Use data to map and track the magnitude, severity, trends and changes in human trafficking patterns

Target Audience

Professionals interested in discussing victim identification tools, internal trafficking and trafficking for the purpose of criminal activity.

Prerequisites for Attendees

Basic understanding of Human Trafficking

schedule Submitted 5 years ago