Introduction:

Synthesizing audio for specific domains has many practical applications in creative sound design for music and film. But the application is not restricted to entertainment industry. We propose an architecture that will convert audio (human voice) to the voice owner’s preferred image – for the time being we restrict the intended images to two domains – Object Design and Human body. Many times, human beings are unable to describe a design (may be power-point presentation or interior decoration of a house) or a known person by verbally described attributes as they are able to visualise the same design or the person. But the other person, the listener may be unable to interpret the object or human descriptions from the speaker’s verbal descriptions as he/she is not visualising the same. Complete communication thus needs much of a trial and error and overall hazardous and time consuming. Examples of such situations are 1) While making presentation, an executive or manager can visualise something and an express to his/her employee to make the same. But, making the best slides from manger’s description may not be proper. Another relevant example is that a house owner or office owner wants his/her premises to have certain design which he/she can visualise and express to the concerned vendor. But the vendor may not be able to produce the same. Also, trial and error in this case is highly expensive. Having an automated Image, recommended to him/her can address this problem. 2) Verbal description of a terrorist or criminal suspect (facial description and/or attribute) may not be always available to all the security people every time, in Airports or Railway Stations or sensitive areas. Presence of a software system having Machine Generated Image with Ranked Recommendation for such suspect can immediately point to one or very few people in a crowded Airport or even Railway Station or any such sensitive place. Security agencies can then frisk only those people or match their attributes with existing database. This can avoid hazardous manual checking of every people in the same process and can help the security agencies to do adequate checking for those recommended individuals.

We can use a Sequential Architecture consisting of simple NLP and more complex Deep Learning algorithms primarily based on Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) and Neural Personalised Ranking (NPR) to help the object designers and security personnel for serving their specific purposes.

The idea to combat the problem:

I propose a combination of Deep Learning and Recommender System approach to tackle this problem. Architecture of the Solution model consists of 4 major Components – 1) Speech to Text

2) Text Classification into Person or Design; 3) Text to Image Formation; 4) Recommender System

We are trying to address these four steps in consecutive applications of effective Machine Learning and Deep Learning Algorithms. Deep Learning community has already been able to make significant progress in terms of Text to Image generation and also in Ranking based Recommender System

Brief Details about the four major pillars of this problem:

Deep Learning based Speech Recognition – Primary technique for Speech to text could be Baidu’s DeepSpeech for which a Tensorflow implementation is readily available. Also, Google Cloud Speech-to-Text enables the develop to convert Voice to text. Voice of the user needs to be converted in .wav file. Our steps for Deep-Speech-2 are like this – Fixing GPU memory, Adding Batch normalization to RNN, implement row Convolution layer and generate text.

Nowadays, we have quite a few free Speech to Text software, e.g. Google Docs Voice typing, windows Speech Recognition, Speech-notes etc.

Text Classification of Content – This is needed to classify the converted text into two classes – a) Design Description or b) Human Attribute Description because these two applications and therefore image types are different. This may be Statistically easier part, but its importance is immense. A Dictionary of words related to Designs and Personal Attributes can be built using online available resources. Then, a supervised algorithm using tf-idf and Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) should be able to classify the text into two classes – Object and Person. These are very much traditional and proven techniques in many NLP research

Text to Image Formation – This is our main component for this proposal. Today, one of the most challenging problems in the world of Computer Vision is synthesizing high-quality images from text descriptions. In recent years, GANs have been found to generate good results. Samples generated by existing text-to-image approaches can roughly reflect the meaning of the given descriptions, but they fail to contain necessary details and vivid object parts. There have been a few approaches to address this problem, all using GAN. One of those is given as Stacked Generative Adversarial Networks (StackGAN). Heart of such approaches is Conditional GAN which is an extension of GAN where both generator and discriminator receive additional conditioning variables c, yielding G(z, c) and D(x, c). This formulation allows G to generate images conditioned on variables c.

In our case, we train deep convolutional generative adversarial network (DC-GAN) conditioned on text features. These text features are encoded by a hybrid character-level convolutional-recurrent neural network. Overall, DC-GAN uses text embeddings where the context of a word is of prime importance. Class label determined in the earlier step will be of help in this case. This will simply help DC-GAN to generate more relevant images than irrelevant ones. Details will be discussed during the talk

The most straightforward way to train a conditional GAN is to view (text, image) pairs as joint observations and train the discriminator to judge pairs as real or fake. The discriminator has no explicit notion of whether real training images match the text embedding context. To account for this, in GAN-CLS, in addition to the real/fake inputs to the discriminator during training, a third type of input consisting of real images with mismatched text is added, which the discriminator must learn to score as fake. By learning to optimize image/text matching in addition to the image realism, the discriminator can provide an additional signal to the generator. (details are in talk)

Image Recommender System – In the last step, we propose personalised image recommendation for the user from the set of images generated by GAN-CLS architecture. Image Recommendation brings down the number of choice of images to a top N (N=3, 5, 10 ideally) with a rank given to each of those and therefore user finds it easier to choose. In this case, we propose Neural Personalized Ranking (NPR) – a personalized pairwise ranking model over implicit feedback datasets – that is inspired by Bayesian Personalized Ranking (BPR) and recent advances in neural networks. We like to mention that, now NPR is improved to contextual enhanced NPR. This enhanced Model depends on implicit feedbacks from the users, its contexts and incorporates the idea of generalized matrix factorization. Contextual NPR significantly outperforms its competitors

In the presentation, we shall describe the complete sequence in detail

 
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Outline/Structure of the Talk

  • Introduction : Discussion on the problem statement
  • Objectives : Discussion on the target that can be achieved
  • Technical discussion on the three components of the problem:
  • Speech Processing using Deep-Speech, with glimpse of RNN
  • Text Classification using LSA
  • Image Generation using DCGAN and GAN-CLS
  • Image Recommendation using NPR
  • Complete Architecture and Implementation Overview
  • Innovation – Effective use of Different Algorithm for unique purpose
  • Practical Applications – Two Applications – one for business presentation, another for curbing illegal and terrorist activity
  • Future Scope of Improvements – Scopes of improvement and constant innovation to increase accuracy, accommodate instantaneous user preference and computation
  • Brief Demonstration

Learning Outcome

The audience is expected to receive appreciable knowledge on the following topic:

  1. Speech Processing with Deep Neural Net – Various Speech Recognition Software
  2. Image generation with GAN
  3. Different types of GANs and Best techniques with Architecture for text to image generation
  4. Image Recommendation with NPR

Also, some of the applications of this solution can be extended to other use cases as well which will be discussed during the talk

Target Audience

ML Researchers and Professionals, Image Processing and Computer Vision Professionals, AI Enthusiasts, Government and Private Security Agencies, Automated Computer Graphics and Design Professionals, Respected Professors teaching in the related fields

Prerequisites for Attendees

  1. Basics of Deep Learning and its Applications
  2. Basics of Recommendation Techniques and Applications
  3. Basics of Computer Vision
  4. Basics of Natural Language Processing
  5. Some idea on Speech Processing and Recognition
  6. An intuitive mind
schedule Submitted 1 week ago

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