In modern cloud aeon, customers are delivered with UI and API for most of the Enterprise Products. The QE teams have to test the product for UI and APIs from functional as well as non functional perspective. For these they typically end up writing different test suites.

There are lot of challenges one faces when automating test suites for these different purposes, like

  1. How do you integrate UI automation seamlessly with different test frameworks/suites?
  2. How do you test all these requirements (UI, API, Performance etc.) effectively without a lot of redundant or duplicate code?
  3. How do you use the best fit language/technology for UI automation and still do not impact the grand test automation strategies?

There is an interesting solution to conquer these challenges which I have recently implemented in one of my projects. 

The idea is to segregate tests from the UI Automation OR webdriver code. This code can be exposed as a web service APIs. Such service allows us to write common tests for UI as well as API. Tests written for API testing can be reused for UI testing with very minimal configuration modification like pointing to appropriate web service. These UI Automation APIs can also be called easily from any performance test requiring UI interaction.

This approach will enable any test suite using any language or technology in your organization to reuse UI automation seamlessly. This will also make lot of things straight and simple for execution and management across the verticals.

 

We will deep dive into the technical solution for this in this talk.

 
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Outline/structure of the Session

  1. Why: Current challenges of multidimensional automation of complex enterprise product.
  2. Closer look at UI automation requirements and challenges
  3. Why a need of thinking beyond UI tests
  4. Design of UI automation as a service to cater to different customers.
  5. Demonstration of the case
  6. Take away
  7. Future scope
  8. Q&A

Learning Outcome

The session will give automation engineers a new perspective on how to think of the UI automation as a product to cater different customers and their requirements from UI testing perspective.

Audience will have a clear picture on how to make UI automation available as a service throughout your organization for any purpose, for any code of any language/technology and save on resources while doing that.

Target Audience

All roles involved in planning, managing, implementing and maintaining Test Automation

schedule Submitted 1 year ago

Comments Subscribe to Comments

comment Comment on this Proposal
  • Anand Bagmar
    By Anand Bagmar  ~  1 year ago
    reply Reply

    Am interested in understaning how you pass / keep the driver object around and reusable if you are providing -as-a-service APIs to the consumers of different frameworks? What parts will be segregated, and what cannot be? Can you share a few examples?

    • Dipesh Bhatewara
      By Dipesh Bhatewara  ~  1 year ago
      reply Reply

      To support mutiple clients we can keep a map of session id and webdriver object. 

      Each client will have to make first call to initialization API, with request body specifying the browser, IP/URL of the Application Under test and any other information needed to start the UI automation. The API will instantiate the browser with the provided details. This initialisation API will now create a session ID for this client and it will add this session id and the driver object created to a map and return session ID to the user as response of the initialisation API call. The driver object will be persisted until the client calls the quit API or the session times out. 

      Whenever user want to make any action on the UI (these are business functional actions and not unit UI interaction actions), he will call the respective API with required request body and pasing session id as URL paramater. The rest API will read this session id and get the corrosponding webdriver instance from the map before staring the actions.

      Another way to keep the driver objects is by serialization of driver object into mysql.

      The challenges/limitations and recommended practices will also be covered in this talk.

      Below is an example API implementation. 

       

       @RequestMapping(value = { "/logical-components/{component-name}" }, method = RequestMethod.PUT)

          @ResponseStatus(value = HttpStatus.OK)

          public @ResponseBody Boolean updateLogicalComponent(@PathVariable("component-name") String componentName, @RequestParam String sessionId, 

                  @RequestBody LogicalComponentDto logicalComponent, HttpServletRequest httpRequest, HttpServletResponse httpResponse) {

              logger.debug("component name to be edited:" + componentName);

      driver = sessions.get(sessionId);

              BasePage basePage = new BasePage(driver);

              BaseComponentPage baseComponentPage = basePage.clickOnComponentMenu();

              ComponentGridPage componentGridPage = baseComponentPage.clickOnComponentsButton();

              ComponentEditorPage componentEditorPage = componentGridPage.clickOnComponentLink(componentName);

              ComponentSummaryPage summaryPage = componentEditorPage.clickOnSummaryButton();

              summaryPage.clickOnEditComponentButton()             

                      .enterComponentNameInEditComponent(logicalComponent.getDisplayName())

                      .enterComponentDescriptionInEditComponent(logicalComponent.getDescription())

                      .selectAdminStateInEditComponent(logicalComponent.getComponentAdminState())                

              componentEditorPage.closeComponentEditor();

              componentGridPage.clearComponentSelection();

              logger.debug("component is edited successfully:" + componentName);

              return true;

          }


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    Intermediate

    For testers, setting up and maintaining a Selenium Grid infrastructure can be timely and costly. A lot of the time, we are asked to do this as part of our day to day job when we really want to focus on testing the product!

    There are some great cloud based alternatives out there that allow you to easily run your tests on a wide range of Operating Systems and against multiple browser types (at a price).

    But what if you already have plenty of devices available within your own company (be it physical machines, virtual machines or cloud based resources) and you want to be able to setup and manage your own grid infrastructure:

    • to allow you greater control over the configuration (perhaps you want to have a headless browser like PhantomJS available on your grid)
    • to run your tests faster (the cloud based alternatives are a good bit slower for obvious reasons)
    • or to simply save money.